Paul A. Davis, Ph.D.

Paul Davis

Position Title
Research Nutritionist Emeritus

  • Ph.D. Biological Chemistry, University of Michigan
Research Interests

Dr. Davis' research focuses on the interaction of dietary constituents (macronutrients and nonnutritional components) with processes/risk factors for chronic human diseases (i.e. coronary vascular disease and cancer). He also studies the effects of dietary fiber and other components (dietary lipids particularly) on control of food intake and processes of nutrient absorption and packaging/secretion in the gastrointestinal tract.

Selected Publications

Yokoyama WH, Knuckles BE, Davis PA, Daggy BP. Stability of Ingested Methylcellulose in the Rat Determined by Polymer Molar Mass Measurements by Light Scattering. J Agric Food Chem 2002; 50:7726-7730. [PubMed]

Burton-Freeman B, Davis PA, Schneeman BO. Plasma cholecystokinin is associated with subjective measures of satiety in women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002; 76:659-67. [PubMed]

Calo L, Giacon B, Davis PA, Pagnin E, Piccin A, Riegler P, Huber W, Antonello A, Semplicini A. Oxidative stress and TGFbeta in kidney-transplanted patients with cyclosporin-induced hypertension. Effect of carvedilol and nifedipine. Clin Nephrol. 2002; 58:103-10. [PubMed]

Calo LA, Davis PA, Giacon B, Pagnin E, Sartori M, Riegler P, Antonello A, Huber W, Semplicini A. Oxidative stress in kidney transplant patients with calcineurin inhibitor-induced hypertension: effect of ramipril. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2002; 40:625-31. [PubMed]

Hyson DA, Schneeman BO, Davis PA. Almonds and almond oil have similar effects on plasma lipids and LDL oxidation in healthy men and women. J Nutr. 2002; 132:703-7. [PubMed]

Davis, PA; Iwahashi, CK. Whole almonds and almond fractions reduce aberrant crypt foci in a rat model of colon carcinogenesis. Cancer Letters 2001; 165:27-33. [PubMed]

Bonfante L, Davis PA, Spinello M, Antonello A, D'Angelo A, Semplicini A, Calo L. Chronic renal failure, end-stage renal disease, and peritoneal dialysis in Gitelman's syndrome. Am J Kidney Dis. 2001; 38:165-8. [PubMed]

Calò, L; Ceolotto, G; Milani, M; Pagnin, E; van den Heuvel, LP; Sartori, M; Davis, PA; Costa, R; Semplicini, A. Abnormalities of Gq-mediated cell signaling in Bartter and Gitelman syndromes. Kidney International 2001; 60:882-9. [PubMed]

Bourdon I, Olson B, Backus R, Richter BD, Davis PA, Schneeman BO. Beans, as a source of dietary fiber, increase cholecystokinin and apolipoprotein b48 response to test meals in men. J Nutr. 2000; 131:1485-90.2001. [PubMed]

Calo L, Davis PA, Semplicini A. Control of vascular tone in the syndromes of Bartter and Gitelman. Crit Rev Clin Lab Sci. 2000; 37:503-22. [PubMed]

Calò, L; Semplicini, A; Davis, PA; Bonvicini, P; Cantaro, S; Rigotti, P; D'Angelo, A; Livi, U; Antonello, A. Cyclosporin-induced endothelial dysfunction and hypertension: are nitric oxide system abnormality and oxidative stress involved? Transplant International 2000, 13 Suppl 1:S413-8. [PubMed]

Hyson D, Studebaker-Hallman D, Davis PA, Gershwin ME. Apple juice consumption reduces plasma low-density lipoprotein oxidation in healthy men and women.: J-Med-Food. Winter 2000: 3: 159-166. [PubMed]

Calò, L; Castrignano, R; Davis, PA; Carraro, G; Pagnin, E; Giannini, S; Semplicini, A; D'Angelo, A. Role of insulin-like growth factor-I in primary osteoporosis: A correlative study. Journal of Endocrinological Investigation 2000;23(4):223-7. [PubMed]

Calò, L., Davis, P.A., Milani, M., Cantaro, S., Antonello, A., Favaro, S., D'Angelo, A. Increased endothelial nitric oxide synthase mRNA level in Bartter's and Gitelman's syndrome. Relationship to vascular reactivity. Clinical Nephrology 1999;51: 12-17. [PubMed]

Pearson, D.A., Tan, C.H., German, J.B., Davis, P.A., and Gershwin, M.E. Apple juice inhibits human low density lipoprotein oxidation. Life Sciences 1999;64:1913-1920. [PubMed]

Tinker, LF; Parks, EJ; Behr, SR; Schneeman, BO; Davis, PA. (n-3) fatty acid supplementation in moderately hypertriglyceridemic adults changes postprandial lipid and apolipoprotein B responses to a standardized test meal. Journal of Nutrition 1999;129(6):1126-34. [PubMed]

Bourdon, I., Yokoyama, W., Davis, P., Hudson, C., Backus, R., Richter, D., Knuckles, B., Schneeman, B.O. Postprandial lipid, glucose, insulin, and cholecystokinin responses in men fed barley pasta enriched with ß-glucan. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1999;69:55-63. [PubMed]

Calò, L., Davis, P.A., Rigotti, P., Milani, M., Cantaro, S., Marchini, F., D'Angelo, A. and Antonello, A. ecNOS overexpression in CsA-treated renal transplant patients: implications for CSa-induced hypertension. Transplantation Proceedings 1998;30:2012-2013. [PubMed]

Calò, L., Davis, P.A., Cantaro, S., Bonfante, L., Castrignano, R., Carraro, G., D'Angelo, A. Effect of doxazosin in mild to moderate hypertensive patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Acta Diabetologia 1998;35:96-100. [PubMed]

Haas, A.F., Wong, J.W., Iwahashi, C.K., Halliwell, B., Cross, C.E., and Davis, P.A. Redox regulation of wound healing? NF-kB activation in cultured human keratinocytes upon wounding and the effect of low energy HeNe irradiation. Free Radical Biology and Medicine 1998;25:998-1005. [PubMed]

Calò, L., Davis, P.A., Milani, M., Antonello, A., Cantaro, S., D'Angelo, A., Fagiolo, U. Constitutive endothelial nitric oxide synthase (ecNOS) gene expression in human monocytes. Angiology 1998;49:419-422. [PubMed]

Parks, E.J., German, J.B., Davis, P.A., Frankel, E.N., Kappagoda, C.T., Rutledge, J.C., Hyson, D.A., Schneeman, B.O. Reduced oxidative susceptibility of LDL from patients participating in an intensive atherosclerosis treatment program. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1998;68:778-785. [PubMed]

Calò, L., Davis, P.A., Milani, M., Cantaro, S., Bonfante, L., Favaro, S., D'Angelo, A. Bartter's syndrome and Gitelman's syndrome: two entities sharing the same abnormality of vascular reactivity. Clinical Nephrology 1998;50:65-67. [PubMed]

Calò, L., Sartore, G., Basssi, A., Basso, C., Bertocco, S., Marin, R., Zambon, S., Cantaro, S., D'Angelo, A., Davis, P.A., Manzato, E., Crepaldi, G. Reduced susceptibility of oxidation of low-density lipoprotein in patients with overproduction of nitric oxide (Bartter's and Gitelman's syndrome). Journal of Hypertension 1998;16:1001-1008. [PubMed]

Davis, P.A., Gold, E.B., Hackman, R.M., Stern, J.S., and Gershwin, M.E. The use of complementary/alternative medicine for the treatment of asthma in the United States. Journal of Investigational Allergology and Clinical Immunology 1998;8:73-77. [PubMed]

Schneeberger, S.A., Iwahashi, C.K., Hjelmeland, L.M., Davis, P.A., Morse, L.S. Apoliprotein E in the subretinal fluid of rhegmatogenous and exudative retinal detachments. Retina 1997;17:38-43. [PubMed]

Vruwink K.G., Gershwin, M.E., Sachet, P., Halpern, G., and Davis, P.A. Modification of human LDL by in vitro incubation with cigarette smoke or copper ions: Implications for allergies, asthma and atherosclerosis. Journal of Investigational Allergology and Clinical Immunology 1996;6:294-300. [PubMed]

Calo' L, Wandzilak TR, Davis PA, Borsatti A, Williams HE. Effect of second messenger systems on oxalate uptake in renal epithelial cells. Urological Research 1995;23:89-94. [PubMed]

Hynote ED, McCamish M, Davis PA, Depner TA. Amino acid losses during hemodialysis: effects of high solute flux and parenteral nutrition in acute renal failure. J Parenteral Enteral Nutrition 1995;19:15-21. [PubMed]

Walzem RL, Davis PA, Hansen RJ. Overfeeding increases VLDL diameter and causes the appearance of a unique lipoprotein particle in association with failed yolk deposition. J Lipid Res 1994;35:1354-1366. [PubMed]

O'Neill CA, Halliwell B, van der Vliet A, Davis PA, Packer L, Tritschler H, Strohman WJ, Rieland T, Cross CE, Reznick AZ. Aldehyde induced protein modifications in human plasma: protection by glutathione and dihydrolipoic acid. J Lab Clin Med 1994;124:359-370. [PubMed]

Frankel EN, German JB, Davis PA. Headspace Gas Chromtography to determine human LDL oxidation. Lipids 1992 27:1047-51. [PubMed]

Davis PA, Platon J-F, Gershwin ME, Halpern GM, Keen CL, DiPaolo D, Alexander J, Ziboh VA. A linoleate enriched cheese product reduces low density lipoprotein in moderately hypercholesterolemic adults. Annals of Internal Medicine 1993;119:555-559. [PubMed]

Cross CE, Reznick AZ, Packer L, Davis PA, Suzuki YJ, Halliwell B. Oxidative damage to human plasma proteins by ozone. Free Radical Research Communications 1992;15:347-352. [PubMed]

Redard CL, Davis PA, Middleton SJ, Schneeman BO. Postprandial Lipid Response following a High Fat Meal in Rats Adapted to Dietary Fiber. J Nutrition 1992;122:219-228. [PubMed]