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Janet C. King

Janet C. King

  • Research Professor Emerita, Department of Nutrition
  • Senior Scientist, Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute

(510) 450-7939



  • Ph.D., Nutrition, University of California, Berkeley
  • B.S., Dietetics, Iowa State University, Ames
  • Intern, Dietetics, Walter Reed General Hospital, Washington, D.C.

Research Interests

Using stable isotopes and kinetic modeling techniques, Dr. King´s research group studies how calcium and zinc utilization is affected by different physiological states, such as pregnancy, lactation, aging, or insufficient or excessive intakes.

Selected Publications

  • (last 10 years)
  • King, J.C. Effect of Reproduction on the Bioavailability of Calcium, Zinc and Selenium. J Nutr 131: 1355S-1358S. 2001.
  • Kennedy, E.T., S.A. Bowman, J.T. Spence, M. Freedman, J.C. King. Popular diets: Correlation to health, nutrition, and obesity. J Am Diet Assoc 101:411-420. 2001.
  • King, J.C., D.M. Shames, N. M. Lowe, L. R. Woodhouse, B. Sutherland, S. A. Abrams, J. R. Turnlund, and M. J. Jackson. Effect of acute zinc depletion in men on zinc homeostasis and plasma zinc kinetics. Am J Clin Nutr 74: 116-124. 2001.
  • Pinna, K., LR Woodhouse, B Sutherland, DM Shames, JC King. Exchangeable zinc pool masses and turnover are maintained in health mean on low zinc intakes. J Nutr. 131:2288-2294. 2001.
  • Shames, DM, LR Woodhouse, NM Lowe, JC King. Accuracy of simple techniques for estimating fractional zinc absorption in humans. J Nutr. 131:1854-1861. 2001.
  • Freedman, MR, J King, E Kennedy. Popular diets: A scientific review. Obesity Research 9, Suppl 1, 1S-40S. 2001.
  • King, J.C., Enhanced zinc utilization during lactation may reduce maternal and infant zinc depletion. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 75:2-3. 2002.
  • King, J.C., Biotechnology: A solution for improving nutrient bioavailability. Int. J. Vitam. Nutr. Res. 72: 7-12. 2002.
  • Sparacino, G, Shames, DM., Vicini, P, King, JC, Cobelli, C., Double isotope tracer method for measuring fractional zinc absorption: theoretical analysis. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 82:E679- E687. 2002.
  • King, J.C. Evaluating the impact of plant biofortification on human nutrition. J Nutr 132:551S-513S. 2002.
  • Donangelo, CM., Woodhouse, LR, King, SM, Viteri, FE, King, JC. Supplemental zinc lowers measures of iron status in young women with low iron reserves. J Nutr 132:1860-1864. 2002.
  • Pinna, K., Kelley, DS, Taylor, PC, King, JC. Immune functions are maintained in healthy men with low zinc intake. J Nutr 132:2033-2036. 2002.
  • Bezerra, FF, Laboissiere, FP, King, JC, Donangelo, CM. Pregnancy and lactation affect markers of calcium and bone metabolism differently in adolescent and adult women with low calcium intakes. J Nutr 132: 2183-2187. 2002.
  • King, JC. The risk of maternal nutrition depletion and poor outcomes increases in early or closely spaced pregnancies. J Nutr 133(5):1732S-1736S. 2003.
  • Catalano, PM, Kirwan, JP, Haugel-de Mouzon, S, King, JC. Gestational diabetes and insulin resistance: Role in short- and long-term implications for mother and fetus. J Nutr 133(5):1674S-1683S. 2003
  • King, JC. Doris Howes Calloway Biography (1923-2001). J Nutr 133 (7): 2113-2116. 2003
  • Vuong, LT, and King JC. A method of preserving and testing the acceptability of gac fruit oil, a good source of β-carotene and essential fatty acids. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 24 (2): 224-230. 2003.
  • Donangelo, CM, Woodhouse, LR, King SM, Toffol G, Shames DM, Viteri FE , Cheng Z , Welch RM , and King JC. Iron and zinc absorption from two bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) genotypes in young women. J Agr. Food Chem. 51:5137-43. 2003
  • King, JC. Contributions of Women to Human Nutrition. J. Nutr. 133: 3693-3697. 2003
  • Vargas Zapata, CL, Donangelo CM, Woodhouse LR, Abrams SA, Spencer EM, and King JC. Calcium homeostasis during pregnancy and lactation in Brazilian women with low calcium intakes: a longitudinal study. Am J Clin Nutr 80:417-22. 2004
  • Hawkes WC, Alkan Z, Lang K, and King JC. Plasma selenium decrease during pregnancy is associated with glucose intolerance. Biol Trace Elem Res 100 (1):19-29. 2004.
  • Andree KB, Kim J, Kirschke CP, Gregg JP, Paik H, Joung H, Woodhouse L, King JC, and Huang L. Investigation of lymphocyte gene expression for use as biomarkers for zinc status in humans. J Nutr 134:1716-1723. 2004.
  • Kim, J, Paik, HY, Joung, H, Woodhouse, LR, Shanji, L, King, JC. Zinc supplementation reduces fractional zinc absorption in young and elderly Korean women. J Am College Nutr 23(4):309-315. 2004.
  • Lowe, NM, Woodhouse, LR, Sutherland, B, Shames, DM, Burri, BJ, Abrams, SA, Turnlund, JR, Jackson, MJ, King, JC. Kinetic parameters and plasma zinc concentration correlate well with net loss and gain of zinc from men. J Nutr 134:2178-2181. 2004.
  • German, JB, Bauman, DE, Burrin, DG, Failla, ML, Freake, HC, King, JC, Klein, S, Milner, JA, Pelto, GH, Rasmussen, KM, Zeisel, SH. Metabolomics in the opening decade of the 21st century: building the roads to individualized health. J Nutr 134:2729-2732. 2004.
  • Hotz, C, DeHaene, J, Woodhouse, LR, Villalpando, S, Rivera, JA, King, JC. Zinc absorption from zinc oxide, zinc sulfate, zinc oxide + EDTA, or sodium-zinc EDTA does not differ when added as fortificants to maize tortillas. J Nutr 135: 1102-1105. 2005.
  • King, JC. The milk debate. Arch Intern Med 165:975-6. 2005.
  • Donangelo, CM, Zapata, CLV, Woodhouse, LR, Shames, DM, Mukherjea, R, King, JC. Zinc absorption and kinetics during pregnancy and lactation in Brazilian women. Am J Clin Nutr 82:118-24. 2005.
  • Butte, NF and King, JC. Energy requirements during pregnancy and lactation. Pub Hlth Nutr 8(7A):1010-1027. 2005.
  • O’Brien, KO, Donangelo, CM, Vargas Zapata, CL, Abrams, SA, Spencer, EM, and King, JC. Bone calcium turnover during pregnancy and lactation in women with low calcium diets is associated with calcium intake and circulating insulin-like growth factor 1 concentrations. Am J Clin Nutr 83:317-23. 2006.
  • King, JC. Maternal obesity, metabolism, and pregnancy outcomes. Annu Rev Nutr 26:22.1-22.21. 2006.
  • Kim, J, HY Paik, H Joung, LR Woodhouse, S Li, JC King. Effect of dietary phytate on zinc homeostasis in young and elderly Korean women. J Am Coll Nutr. 26:1-9. 2007.
  • Volpe, SL, NM Lowe, LR Woodhouse, JCKing. Effect of maximal exercise on the short-term kinetics of zinc metabolism in sedentary men. Br J Sports Med. 41:156-161. 2007.
  • Joung, H. BY Jeun, SJ Li, J Kim, LR Woodhouse, JC King, RM Welch, HY Paik. Fecal phytate excretion varies with dietary phytate and age in women. J Am Coll Nutr. 26(3):295-302. 2007.
  • Hess, SY, JM Peerson, JC King, and KH Brown. Use of serum zinc concentration as an indicator of population zinc status. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 28 (3):S403-S429. 2007.
  • Streiff, EL, KL Stanhope, J Graham, PJ Havel, and JC King. Interactions between fructose consumption and moderate zinc deficiency on growth and adipocyte metabolism in young rats prone to adult-onset obesity. Biol Trace Element Res. 118 (1): 53-64. 2007.
  • Chung, CS, J Stookey, D Dare, R Welch, TQ Nguyen, R Roehl, JM Peerson, JC King, and KH Brown. Current dietary zinc intake has a greater effect on fractional zinc absorption than does longer term zinc consumption in health adult men. Am J Clin Nutr 87(5):1224-9. 2008.
  • King SM, Donangelo CM, Knutson MD, Walter PB, Ames BN, Viteri FE, King JC. Daily supplementation with iron increases lipid peroxidation in young women with low iron stores. Exp Biol Med. 233(6):701-7. 2008. PMID: 18408148
  • Sampath V, Havel PJ, King JC. Calcium Supplementation Does Not Alter Lipid Oxidation or Lipolysis in Overweight/Obese Women. Obesity 2008 [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 18719672
  • King JC, Blumberg J, Ingwersen L, Jenab M, Tucker KL. Tree nuts and peanuts as components of a healthy diet. J Nutr.138(9):1736S-1740S. 2008. PMID: 18716178
  • Song Y, Chung CS, Bruno RS, Traber MG, Brown KH, King JC, Ho E. Dietary zinc restriction and repletion affects DNA integrity in men. Am J Clin Nutr 90(2):321-8. 2009. PMID: 19515738 PMC2709309
  • Siega-Riz AM, King JC. Position of the American Dietetic Association and American Society for Nutrition: obesity, reproduction, and pregnancy outcomes. J Am Dietet Assoc 109(5):918-27. 2009. PMID: 19412993
  • Hess SY, King JC. Effects of maternal zinc supplementation on pregnancy and lactation outcomes. Food and Nutrition Bulletin Mar 30(1): S60-S78. 2009. PMID: 19472602
  • Kim J, Woodhouse LR, King JC, Welch RM, Li SJ, Paik HY, Joung H. Relationships between faecal phytate and mineral excretion depend on dietary phytate and age. Br J Nutr. Mar 9:1-7. 2009. PMID: 19267950
  • Cvijanovich NZ, King JC, Flori HR, Gildengorin G, Wong HR. Zinc homeostasis in pediatric critical illness. Pediatr Crit Care Med. Jan;10(1):29-34. 2009. PMID: 19057435
  • Miller, GD, Drewnowski, A, Fulgoni, V, Heaney, RP, King J, Kennedy, E. It is time for a positive approach to dietary guidance using nutrient density as a basic principle. J Nutr 139(4): 1198-1202. 2009.
  • Miller, GD, Drewnowski, A., King, J., Gibney, M., Clemens, R. Nutrient Profiling. Global Approaches, Policies, and Perspectives. Nutrition Today 45(1): 6-12. 2010.
  • King JC. Does zinc absorption reflect zinc status? Int J Vitam Nutr Res 80(4-5):300-6. 2010. PMID: 21462113.
  • Kim J, Paik HY, Joung H, Woodhouse LR, King JC. Plasma zinc but not the exchangeable zinc pool size differs between young and older Korean women. Biol Trace Elem Res Jul 13 (Epub), 2010. PMID: 20625938
  • Dror, DK, King JC, Durand DJ, and Allen LH. Association of modifiable and nonmodifiable factors with vitamin D status in pregnant women and neonates in Oakland, CA. J Am Dietet Assoc 111(1):111-6. 2011. PMID: 21185972
  • King JC. Zinc: An essential but elusive nutrition. Am J Clin Nutr 94(suppl):679S-84S. 2011. PMID: 21715515